Karel Kurst-Swanger, PhD is a contributing faculty member in the School of Public Policy and Administration at Walden University and Professor Emeritus, State University of New York at Oswego, Department of Public Justice. She received her PhD in Political Science/Public Policy and Administration from Binghamton University, and a MEd in Counselor Education and BS in Criminal Justice, from the State University of New York at Brockport. She is the author of two books: Worship and Sin: An Exploration of Religion-related Crime in the U.S. (Peter Lang) and Violence in the Home: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (Oxford University Press) and numerous other publications. Her research interests center on a wide range of topics in criminal justice/human services and public health, with a focus on community responses to child maltreatment, family violence and substance abuse. She serves as a consultant for many non-profit and public organizations facilitating strategic planning and multidisciplinary collaborations, and providing assistance to resolve management/organizational issues and conflicts. Since 2009 she has served as the Coordinator of the Broome County Child Fatality Review Team in New York. This multidisciplinary team of professionals (including practitioners from law enforcement, child welfare, public health, and medicine) conducts in-depth comprehensive reviews of child deaths to improve the systems of care in the community, improve the death investigation process and to recommend policy change to prevent future deaths. The work is authorized by state law and funded by the New York State Office of Children and Family Services. She has also served as the Executive Director of the Crime Victims Assistance Center, Inc., Binghamton, NY and the Coordinator of the Victim Assistance Unit of the Rochester City Police Department in Rochester, New York.