Understanding what motivates terrorists is key to finding solutions to terrorism, and an online degree can help.

Terrorist using laptop computer.Gunmen in a theater. A bomb at a carnival. A truck driven through a holiday crowd. Planes flown into skyscrapers. Acts of terrorism shock us whenever and wherever they occur, searing images of horror and chaos into our minds. We express outrage. We offer support to the victims. We mourn.

We ask the question: Why?

For many working in emergency management and criminal justice, the answers to that question are essential to developing policies, programs, and plans that can keep us safe. It’s not enough to simply protect public gatherings. We must also understand what motivates terrorists to act so that we can learn how to stop people from becoming terrorists in the first place.

Counterterrorism has become a critical job, requiring a deep knowledge of both policy and human behavior. To enter the profession, you generally need to have completed counterterrorism courses as part of master’s in emergency management or similar degree program. Here are some of the topics you might cover in such a program.

Terrorists Come From Many Ideologies and Many Nations

While radical Islamic terrorism tends to dominate news coverage in the United States, terrorism is by no means exclusive to any sect, ideology, or political group. In 2015, 270 different groups were responsible for terrorist attacks in 92 nations.1 These groups represent a wide range of stated interests, from ethno-separatism to radical nationalism to Maoist insurgency to religious zealotry. To understand the mindset of a terrorist, you must first understand that terrorism is a strategy that any person or group might end up adopting if they become extremist, intent on implementing their political goals through violence and fear.

Terrorists Are Not Insane

Terrorists are often labeled as madmen. But are they technically insane? In short, no. Psychologists believe that those joining groups like ISIS are not psychopaths or even brainwashed.2 Oftentimes, individuals join terrorist organizations as an expression of political strategy, since most terrorist organizations act for political—and what they believe to be strategic—reasons.

Most Terrorists Share Some Common Traits

While there is no one profile that defines all terrorists, many of those who end up committing violence for political or religious purposes share several traits. As laid out by John Horgan, PhD, director of Pennsylvania State University’s International Center for the Study of Terrorism, these traits include:3

  • Feeling angry, alienated, or disenfranchised.
  • Believing that their current political involvement does not give them the power to effect real change.
  • Identifying with the perceived victims of the social injustice they are fighting.
  • Feeling the need to take action rather than just talking about the problem.
  • Believing that engaging in violence against the state is not immoral.
  • Having friends or family sympathetic to the cause.
  • Believing that joining a movement offers social and psychological rewards such as adventure, camaraderie, and a heightened sense of identity.

How You Can Learn More With an Emergency Management Degree

Needless to say, it’s not easy to understand the mindset of a terrorist. However, if you’re interested in learning more about the motivations of terrorists and working to prevent terrorism, consider earning an MS in Emergency Management. Through Walden University’s online degree program, you will take courses designed to help you learn how to address the causes of terrorism.

Thanks to online learning, you don’t have to upend your life to earn your degree. Through an online university, you can complete your studies— including anti-terrorism courses—from home. Plus, an online university allows you to continue working full time.

The world needs experts who understand terrorism well enough to help stop it. When you earn an MS in Emergency Management degree online, you can gain the skills and knowledge you need to become such an expert.

Walden University is an accredited institution offering an MS in Emergency Management degree program online. Expand your career options and earn your degree using a convenient, flexible learning platform that fits your busy life.

1Source: www.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/2015/257526.htm

2Source: www.medscape.com/viewarticle/855849

3Source: www.apa.org/monitor/2009/11/terrorism.aspx

Walden University is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission, www.hlcommission.org.